Everyone wants a dog, but some people and children suffer from allergies. This can be troublesome when you try to put the two together. Some breeds of dogs are known to be hypoallergenic, which means there are fewer risks to cause an allergic reaction.
Hypoallergenic dogs are known not to shed or shed little. The pet’s hair is what most people think causes allergic reactions. But it is more common to have the saliva and skin of the dog to trigger a reaction. Because of this, hypoallergenic dogs can still cause reactions to people that suffer from allergies.
There are only a handful of dog breeds that are considered hypoallergenic. There are plenty of options for small, medium, and large dog breeds; including purebred and mixed breed dogs. There are other characteristics of a breed when choosing the right dog.
Hypoallergenic Purebred Dogs
Border Terrier – These dogs have short wiry coats and weigh between 11 and 15 pounds. They are very active, affectionate and generally happy dogs.
Bichon Frise – A Trainable small white dog that requires frequent grooming. They are peppy with a burst of energy, but also love to cuddle.
Chinese Crested – Mostly hairless these small dogs win many ugly dog competitions. Affectionate and often follow owners closely.
Havanese – Curious and intelligent small dog that does not require a lot of activity.
Maltese – Playful and gentle toy breed often found on a lap.
Poodle – Comes in three sizes; standard, miniature and toy. These dogs are active and often enjoy swimming. They are very intelligent and trainable.
Portuguese Water Dog – Similar in many aspects to a poodle. Medium sized and affectionate. Made famous by former President Barack Obama.
Puli – Not as common as many of the other breeds. This active dog has naturally corded hair, that requires a lot of grooming.
Schnauzer – Three sizes; miniature, standard, and giant. All three share the common characteristics of being vocal, smart and active.
Yorkshire Terrier – Extremely recognized and popular purse breed dog. They are affectionate but can be somewhat yappy.
Shih Tzu – Outgoing and loving. These small dogs are great companions and friendly.
Hypoallergenic Mixed Breed Dogs
Breeders have successfully breed hypoallergenic dogs with other breeds to pass the hair trait. The most common purebred to mix is the Poodle.
Bichpoo – A highly intelligent small active dog that will have a lot of energy to burn. Mixed with a Bichon Frise and a Miniature Poodle.
Cockapoo – A small dog with big personality mixed with a Cocker Spaniel and Poodle. They are easy to train and forgives quickly with a lot of affection.
Goldendoodle – One of the more popular hybrid dog breeds from a Golden Retriever and Poodle. With versatile skills that make great family friendly dogs.
Labradoodle – A mix between a Labrador Retriever and a Poodle makes a smart and sociable dog that has an affectionate personality.
Maltipoo – A popular cross between a Maltese and a Miniature Poodle. These dogs make great companions for those who are alone and are great therapy dogs.
Schnoodle – A smart, adorable, and active dog breed that has been mixed between a Schnauzer and a Poodle.
Yorkipoo – The most popular designer dog mixed breeds that are considered hypoallergenic. This dog is a cross between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Miniature Poodle.
Even though these dogs are known to be hypoallergenic, you still need to maintain their coats. Proper grooming, bathing, and brushing are still required to keep allergies down. Bathing them will remove the dander that the dog produces. Most of these types of dogs have hair instead of fur, depending on the breed a monthly haircut may be recommended.
Breeds To Avoid If Allergy Prone
Shar Pei – These wrinkly dogs release a certain oil in their skin that can cause hives on people who have never been allergic to any other breed. It is pretty common for people to be allergic to this breed.
Pit bull, Weimaraner, English Bulldogs, and many hounds, for example, have very coarse fur that can cause irritation to the skin.
German Shepherd, Siberian Husky, Akita, Welsh Corgi, Alaskan Malamute, and Labrador Retriever are examples of breeds that shed all year round and are heavy seasonal shedders, triggering allergies.